Year after year, Lisa Schencker of the Salt Lake Tribune had been seeing test scores that as a whole looked pretty good for her state, but she always noticed the disaggregated data didn’t stack up as well. “I suspected this was partly because of our unusually high proportion of white students (pulling up the state’s average), but I didn’t feel I personally had the statistical prowess to prove that,” she wrote me.
Recently, she asked that question during a teleconference about the NAEP math release, which again looked good for Utah. Someone in the media office e-mailed her afterward, attaching a name to her suspicions: Simpson’s Paradox. Utah’s students rank above the national average in just about every academic measure—until you look at them subgroup by subgroup. Not even the white students (the ones whose overrepresentation bring the average up) outperform their white peers elsewhere in the country.
Schencker wrote a really good story explaining this all. I only wish you could see the telling bar charts, which are only available to those who sign up to see the Tribune’s e-edition. (To all web editors, from a former graphics editor: Every chart needs to be online! They are not decoration!)
Speaking of statistical prowess: You don’t have to wait for a felicitous encounter with a national flack to acquire yours. Apply by December 21 to EWA’s statistics bootcamp, which will take place at the journalism school at Arizona State University on February 25-28. Come because participants always tell us they love this seminar, or come because of one particular statistic: The average high temperature in Phoenix in February is 70 degrees.